PMDD or Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It is characterized by intense physical and psychological symptoms that greatly interfere with daily life. These symptoms can include depression, anxiety, irritability or mood swings, fatigue, bloating or breast tenderness and difficulty concentrating. The exact cause of PMDD is unknown but it may be related to hormonal fluctuations in the body during the menstrual cycle.
What are the symptoms of PMDD?
The main symptoms of PMDD include depression, anxiety, irritability or mood swings, fatigue, bloating or breast tenderness and difficulty concentrating. Additional physical symptoms may include headaches, joint pain and gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea or constipation. PMDD can also cause insomnia or other sleep disturbances.
How is it diagnosed?
Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder (PMDD) is typically diagnosed by a healthcare provider after performing a physical examination and reviewing the patient’s medical history. Your doctor may also ask you to keep track of your symptoms over several menstrual cycles, or use special hormone tests to further confirm their diagnosis.
How can you treat Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder?
Treatment for Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder (PMDD) typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Lifestyle modifications such as stress reduction, regular exercise and dietary improvements can help alleviate some symptoms. Medications used to treat PMDD include birth control pills, antidepressants or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In more severe cases, gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs may be prescribed.
Natural treatments for Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder (PMDD) can include lifestyle modifications such as stress reduction, regular exercise and dietary changes. Additionally, herbs such as chasteberry or evening primrose oil may help reduce menstrual symptoms and improve mood swings. Other natural remedies that have been used to treat pain associated with PMDD include acupuncture, yoga and meditation.